Pranayama, or yogic breathing, is an important part of yoga. But yoga teachers often focus on the physical postures and don't include breathing techniques. Why? Not all yoga teacher trainings spend enough time on pranayama to give student teachers a chance to build their skills and confidence. That's a shame because pranayama can make a big difference to people's mental wellbeing- and fast. If you're not 100% sure how to teach Nadi Shodana - perhaps you're not too sure how to make the hand mudra or what verbal cues work best - read on.
Why practice Nadi Shodana?
The way we breathe directly influences the way we feel, think and behave. That's because our breathing regulates the autonomic nervous system. Each time we inhale, we activate the sympathetic nervous system - that's the 'fight or flight' mechanism that readies us to deal with looming threats. Each time we exhale, we activate the parasympathetic nervous system - this is the 'rest and digest' function that allows our bodies to go into repair mode, sleep soundly and build nurturing relationships.
Many of us are living with chronic stress and get trapped in the 'fight or flight response' - even when there's no immediate threat, our bodies respond as if we're in danger. We feel anxious and find it hard to relax or concentrate. Changing the way you breathe can quickly move you out of that high-stress response and into a state of calm alertness. It's free, easy to do and there are no negative side effects.
Simply reminding yourself to breathe is a good way to start - when you feel stressed, notice how you're breathing. Often the breath becomes shallow and short when we're under pressure. Bringing your attention to the breath can automatically regulate the flow of air into a more functional pattern - slower, deeper and more relaxed breathing.
Yoga offers many different breathing techniques to help shift unconscious patterns of breathing that are the result of - and cause of - stress. One of my favourites is Nadi Shodana. Nadi Shodana involves breathing through alternating nostrils, using the fingertips to gently close one nostril at a time. As long as your nostrils are both clear, this is an easy and relaxing way to get started with pranayama. Here's a video on how to do it.
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